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देहिनोऽस्मिन्यथा देहे कौमारं यौवनं जरा। तथा देहान्तरप्राप्तिर्धीरस्तत्र न मुह्यति॥ २-१३ Just as the boyhood, youth and old age come to the embodied Soul in this body, in the same manner, is the attaining of another body; the wise man is not deluded at that.
य एनं वेत्ति हन्तारं यश्चैनं मन्यते हतम्। उभौ तौ न विजानीतो नायं हन्ति न हन्यते॥ २-१९ He who thinks that the soul kills, and he who thinks of it as killed, are both ignorant. The soul kills not, nor is it killed.
न जायते म्रियते वा कदाचिन् नायं भूत्वा भविता वा न भूयः। अजो नित्यः शाश्वतोऽयं पुराणो न हन्यते हन्यमाने शरीरे॥ २-२० The soul is never born, it never dies having come into being once, it never ceases to be. Unborn, eternal, abiding and primeval, it is not slain when the body is slain.
वासांसि जीर्णानि यथा विहाय नवानि गृह्णाति नरोऽपराणि। तथा शरीराणि विहाय जीर्णा- न्यन्यानि संयाति नवानि देही॥ २-२२ As a man casts off worn-out garments and puts on others that are new, so does the soul cast off its worn-out bodies and enter into others that are new.
नैनं छिन्दन्ति शस्त्राणि नैनं दहति पावकः। न चैनं क्लेदयन्त्यापो न शोषयति मारुतः॥ २-२३ Weapons do not cleave the soul, fire does not burn it, waters do not wet it, and wind does not dry it.
जातस्य हि ध्रुवो मृत्युर्ध्रुवं जन्म मृतस्य च। तस्मादपरिहार्येऽर्थे न त्वं शोचितुमर्हसि॥ २-२७ Death is certain for the born, and re-birth is certain for the dead; therefore you should not feel grief for what is inevitable.
सुखदुःखे समे कृत्वा लाभालाभौ जयाजयौ। ततो युद्धाय युज्यस्व नैवं पापमवाप्स्यसि॥ २-३८ Holding pleasure and pain, gain and loss, victory and defeat as alike, gird yourself up for the battle. Thus, you shall not incur any sin.
कर्मण्येवाधिकारस्ते मा फलेषु कदाचन। मा कर्मफलहेतुर्भूर्मा ते सङ्गोऽस्त्वकर्मणि॥ २-४७ To work alone you have the right, and not to the fruits. Do not be impelled by the fruits of work. Nor have attachment to inaction.
योगस्थः कुरु कर्माणि सङ्गं त्यक्त्वा धनञ्जय। सिद्ध्यसिद्ध्योः समो भूत्वा समत्वं योग उच्यते॥ २-४८ By being established in Yoga, O Dhananjaya, undertake actions, casting off attachment and remaining equipoised in success and failure. Equanimity is called Yoga.
कर्मजं बुद्धियुक्ता हि फलं त्यक्त्वा मनीषिणः। जन्मबन्धविनिर्मुक्ताः पदं गच्छन्त्यनामयम्॥ २-५१ The wise, possessed of knowledge, having abandoned the fruits of their actions, and being freed from the fetters of birth, go to the place which is beyond all evil.
क्रोधाद्भवति सम्मोहः सम्मोहात्स्मृतिविभ्रमः। स्मृतिभ्रंशाद् बुद्धिनाशो बुद्धिनाशात्प्रणश्यति॥ २-६३ From anger there comes delusion; from delusion, the loss of memory; from the loss of memory, the destruction of discrimination; and with the destruction of discrimination, he is lost.
नास्ति बुद्धिरयुक्तस्य न चायुक्तस्य भावना। न चाभावयतः शान्तिरशान्तस्य कुतः सुखम्॥ २-६६ For the unsteady there is no wisdom, and there is no meditation for the unsteady man. And for an un-meditated man, there is no peace. How can there be happiness for one without peace?
विहाय कामान्यः सर्वान्पुमांश्चरति निःस्पृहः। निर्ममो निरहङ्कारः स शान्तिमधिगच्छति॥ २-७१ That man attains peace who, abandoning all desires, moves about without longing, without the sense of mine and without egoism.
न कर्मणामनारम्भान्नैष्कर्म्यं पुरुषोऽश्नुते। न च संन्यसनादेव सिद्धिं समधिगच्छति॥ ३-४ No man can attain freedom from activity by refraining from action; nor can he reach perfection by merely refusing to act.
नियतं कुरु कर्म त्वं कर्म ज्यायो ह्यकर्मणः। शरीरयात्रापि च ते न प्रसिद्ध्येदकर्मणः॥ ३-८ Therefore, do you perform your allotted duty; for action is superior to inaction. Desisting from action, you cannot even maintain your body.
यज्ञार्थात्कर्मणोऽन्यत्र लोकोऽयं कर्मबन्धनः। तदर्थं कर्म कौन्तेय मुक्तसङ्गः समाचर॥ ३-९ Man is bound by his own action except when it is performed for the sake of sacrifice. Therefore, Arjuna, efficiently perform your duty, free from attachment, for the sake of sacrifice alone.
तस्मादसक्तः सततं कार्यं कर्म समाचर। असक्तो ह्याचरन्कर्म परमाप्नोति पूरुषः॥ ३-१९ Go on efficiently doing your duty at all times without attachment. Doing work without attachment man attains the Supreme.
प्रकृतेः क्रियमाणानि गुणैः कर्माणि सर्वशः। अहङ्कारविमूढात्मा कर्ताहमिति मन्यते॥ ३-२७ In fact all actions are being performed by the modes of Prakruti (Primordial Nature). The fool, whose mind is deluded by egoism, thinks: “I am the doer.”
श्रेयान्स्वधर्मो विगुणः परधर्मात्स्वनुष्ठितात्। स्वधर्मे निधनं श्रेयः परधर्मो भयावहः॥ ३-३५ One’s own duty, though devoid of merit, is preferable to the duty of another well performed. Even death in the performance of one’s own duty brings blessedness; another’s duty is fraught with fear.
इन्द्रियाणि पराण्याहुरिन्द्रियेभ्यः परं मनः। मनसस्तु परा बुद्धिर्यो बुद्धेः परतस्तु सः॥ ३-४२ The senses are superior to the gross body, and superior to the senses is the mind. Beyond the mind is the intellect, and even beyond the intellect is the soul.
vasudeva sutam devam kamsa chaanuura mardanam | devakii paramaa nandam krishnam vande jagat gurum || I salute Lord Krishna, the son of Vasudeva, the one who gives great delight to Devaki, the destroyer of Kamsa and Chaanuura and the teacher of the world.
paritraanaaya sadhuunaam vinaashaaya chadushkritaam | dharma samsthaapanaarthaaya sambhavaami yuge yuge || For the protection of the good, for the destruction of the evil and for the establishment of dharma (righteousness), I (the Lord) am born from age to age.
dhyaayato vishayaanh pumsah sangasteshhupajaayate | sangaath samjaayate kaamah kaamaath krodho abhijaayate || When a person dwells longingly on sense objects, an inclination towards them is generated. This inclination develops into desire and desire gives rise to anger.
krodhaadbhavati sammohah sammohaatsmritivibhramah | smritibhramshaadbuddhinaasho buddhinaashaatpranashyati || From anger comes delusion; from delusion, confused memory; from confused memory the ruin of reason; from ruin of reason, man finally perishes.
uddharedaatmanaatmaanam naatmaanamavasaadayeth | aatmaiva hyaatmano bandhuraatmaiva ripuraatmanah || Let a man raise himself by his own efforts. Let him not degrade himself. Because a person's best friend or his worst enemy is none other than his own self.
bandhuraatmaatmanastasya yenaatmaivaatmanaa jitah | anaatmanastu shatrutve vartetaatmaiva shatruvath || For a person who has conquered his lower self by the divine self, his own self acts as his best friend. But for that person who has not conquered his lower self, his own self acts as his worst enemy.
yadaa yadaa hi dharmasya glaanirbhavati bhaarata | abhyuktaanamadarmasya tadaatmaanam srijaamyahamh || When there is decay of dharma (righteousness) and rise of adharma (unrighteousness), then I (the Lord) am born in this world.
karmanyevaadhikaaraste maa phaleshu kadaachana | maa karmaphalaheturbhuu maatesangotsvakarmani || A person has the right towards action alone and not towards the fruit of action. Let not the fruit of action be the motive for acting. Also, Let there not be any attachment to inaction.
vaasaamsi jiirnaani yathaa vihaaya, navaani grihnaati naro aparaani | tathaa shariiraani vihaaya jiirnaanyanyaani samyaati navaani dehii || Just as a person casts off worn out garments and puts on others that are new, even so, the embodies soul casts off worn out bodies and takes on others that are new.
yatkaroshhi yadashnaasi yajjuhoshhi dadaasi yath | yattapasyasi kaunteya tatkurushhva madarpanamh || Arjuna, whatever you do, whatever you eat, whatever you offer (in sacrifice), whatever you give away, whatever you do by way of penance, offer it all to me.
janma karma cha me divyamevam yo vetti tattvatah | tyaktvaa deham punarjanma naiti maameti so arjuna || Arjuna, My birth and activities are divine. He who knows this in reality is not reborn on leaving his body, but comes to Me.
patram pushhpam phalam toyam yo me bhaktyaa prayachchati | tadaham bhaktyupahritamashnaami prayataatmanah || I accept the offering of even a leaf, a flower, fruit or water, when it is offered with loving devotion.
tasmaadasaktah satatam kaaryam karma samachara | asakto hyaacharankarma paramaapnoti puurushah || (Therefore) You must always fulfill all your obligatory duties without attachment. By performing actions without attachment, one attains the Highest.
kaama eshha krodha eshha rajogunasamudbhavah | mahaashano mahaapaapma viddhyenamiha vairinamh || Desire and anger which are born out of passion are insatiable and prompt man to great sin and should be recognized as enemies.
yato yato nishcharati manashcha.nchalamasthiramh | tatastato niyamyaitadaatmanyeva vasham nayeth || By whatever cause the mind, which is restless and fidgeting, wanders away, the yogi should bring it back from that and concentrate only on the Self.
brahmanyaadhaaya karmaani sangam tyaktvaa karoti yah | lipyate na sa paapena padmapatramivaambhasaa || He who offers all actions to God, without attachment, remains untouched by sin, just as a lotus leaf by water.
manmanaa bhava madbhakto madyaajii maam namaskuru | maamevaishhyasi satyam te pratijaane priyo asi me || Give your mind to Me, be devoted to Me, worship Me and bow to Me. Doing so, you will come to Me alone, I truly promise you, for you are so exceptionally dear to Me.
manushhyaanaam sahasreshhu kashchidyatati siddhaye | yatataamapi siddhaanaam kashchinmaam vetti tatvatah || Hardly one among thousands of men strives to realize Me; Of those who strive, again, only a very rare one (devoting himself exclusively to Me) knows Me in reality.
antakaale cha maameva smaranmuktvaa kalevaramh | yah prayaati sa madbhaavam yaati naastyatra samshayah || He who departs from the body, thinking of Me alone, even at the time of death, will definetely reach Me.
satatam kiirtayanto maam yatantashcha dridhavrataah | namasyantashcha maam bhaktyaa nityayuktaa upaasate || My determined devotees constantly chant My name and glories, strive for realizing Me and worship Me with single minded devotion.
yadyadvibhuutimatsatvam shriimadurjitameva vaa | tattadevaavagachcha tvam mama tejo nashasambhavamh || (Arjuna,) Know that every being that is glorious, brilliant and powerful is nothing but a mainfestation of a small part of my glory.
divi suuryasahasrasya bhavedyugapadutthitaa | yadi bhaah sadrishii saa syaad hbhaasastasya mahaatmanah || Even If the radiance of a thousand Suns, bursts forth all at once in the heavens, it would still hardly approach the splendor of the mighty Lord.
yasmaannodvijate loko lokaannodvijate cha yah | harshhamarshhabhayodvegairmuk- to yah sa cha me priyah || He, by whom the world is not agitated and whom the world cannot agitate, he who remains calm in times of joy, anger, fear and anxiety, is dear to me.
kulakshaye praNashyanti kuladharmaah sanaatanaah | dharme nashhte kulam kritsnamh adharmo abhibhavatyuta || In the decline of a clan, its ancient traditions perish. When traditions perish, the entire family is indeed overcome by lawlessness.
jaatasya hi dhruvo mrityuh dhruvam janma mritasya cha | tasmaadaparihaarye arthe na tvam shochitumarhasi || Death is certain of that which is born. Birth is certain of that which is dead. Therefore, you should not lament over the inevitable.
indriyaanaam hi charataam yanmano anuvidhiiyate | tadasya harati pragyaam vaayarnaavamivaambhasi || The mind, which follows in the wake of the wandering senses, carries away a man's discrimination just as a gale tosses a ship on the high seas.
yagyaarthaatkarmano anyatra loko ayam karmabandhanah | tadartham karma kaunteya muktasangah samaachara || Arjuna, In this world all actions become causes of bondage, unless they are performed as an offering to God. Therefore, work for the sake of God, without personal attachments.
paartha naiveha naamutra vinaashastasya vidhyate | na hi kalyaanakritkashchidh durgatim taata gachchati || Oh Arjuna, there is no destruction either in this world or the next, for a spiritually fallen yogi. No man who does good can ever come to ruin.
api chetsuduraachaaro bhajate maamananyabhaakh | saadhureva sa mantavyah samyagvyavasito hi sah || Even a confirmed sinner, if he worships Me with unwavering faith and devotion, must be considered righteous, because, he has decided to reform himself.
sarvadharmaanparityajya maamekam sharanam vraja | aham tvaa sarvapaapebhyo mokshayishhyaami maa shuchah || Abandoning all paths, come to Me as the only refuge. Grieve not, for I will liberate you from all sins.